Castles, Forts and Palaces are all signs of royalty & class. They were also the center of defense in the area they were built. Whatever kind of status these buildings might represent, the architecture of these buildings is something to be amazed about. There are lots of castles around the world which are a marvel of engineering and architecture. They are also the preservers of old architecture style.
Here are 10 beautiful Castles and Forts around the world that we think every traveler should see during their lifetime.
- Chittorgarh Fort, India
In 2013 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is one of the 5 forts from Rajasthan, India and is said to have been constructed in 7th Century AD by Mauryans. The fort has been named after the Mauryan ruler Chitrangada Mori who laid the foundation for the fort. The Chittorgarh fort is a part and parcel of India’s history in the sense of wars as well. It has witnessed many wars in its lifetime and seen many dynasties like the Rajputs, and the Mughals.
- Windsor Castle, England
The Windsor Castle is one of the most celebrated castles known for its architecture. Queen Elizabeth is the present owner of the castle that was originally built in the 11th century after the Norman Invasion. The 15th Century George Chapel inside the castle is a prime example for its Gothic design. Today, it is the largest inhabited castle in the world with 500 people living in it. What’s also incredible is that this castle has survived both the English Civil War and the Second World War.
- Mont Saint Michel, France
Around 100 hectare in size, the Mont Saint Michel is on UNESCO’s World Heritage List representing France. It is situated at the mouth of the Cousenon River almost a kilometer away from the coastline. It’s famous for its defense as the tides increase and cover the base of the valley it has been built on. During the Hundred Years’ War, the English tried to capture it, but were unable to.
- Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany
Ever recall Chitty Chitty Bang Bang and the Great Escape? If you’ve watched these movies, you will remember seeing this castle which is also the inspiration to the castle depicted in Disney’s widely acclaimed Sleeping Beauty. The structure was built by Ludwig the second of Bavaria as a place for retreat and also as homage to Richard Wagner, the Opera creator of 1800. Located in Bavaria – Germany, this castle’s architecture was heavily influenced by a concept called Castle Romanticism.
- Peles Castle, Romania
Situated in the Carpathian Mountains of Romania, the Peles Castle is from the Neo-Renaissance era. The construction of this castle began in 1873 by King Carol the First. It is famous for the nature and scenery around which it has been built. Besides the architecture of this castle which actually is a palace, this structure blends a mix of Neo-Renaissance and Gothic Revival. It now serves as a museum.
- Citadel of Aleppo, Syria
This citadel is one of the oldest and largest castles to exist in the world. It is situated at the center of the Ancient city of Aleppo, and has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986. Greeks, Byzantines, Ayyubids and Mamluks have owned the castle during their civilization’s existence.
- Mehrangarh Fort, India
The prison scene from The Dark Knight Rises was shot in the Mehrangarh Fort. Situated in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, this fort is one of the largest forts in the country and was built in 1460. The fort has since been converted into a museum now known for its palanquins and paintings.
- Bodiam Castle, England
This structure is considered a moated castle, meaning it is surrounded by water for defense purposes. It was built back in 1385 by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, a Knight under King Edward the Third. The construction and the location was made so as to defend England from the French. Today, the structure is owned by The National Trust and has been the case since 1925.
- Potala Palace, Tibet
Named after Mount Potalaka, the Palace was built by the 5th Dalai Lama in 1645. Potala Palace is said to have been built on an earlier palace called the White or Red Palace built by the founder of the Tibetan empire, Songtsen Gampo. It is the seat of the Government of the present Tibetan Autonomous Region and also serves as a museum & another World Heritage Site on this list.
- Himeji Castle, Japan
Himeji Castle in Japan is a promising, surviving example of original Japanese architecture. The building of the castle began back in 1333 by Akamatsu Norimura, a Samurai of the Muromachi period. He’d built a fort on the Himeyama hill which later became the present Himeji castle in 1346. It has withstood both the Second World War and the Great Hanshin Earthquake.
These structures involving immense forms of incredible architecture are something to be preserved if not truly marveled at. They are proof of human achievements. You could plan your trip to visit at least one with Cozmo Travel. For more interesting blogs on travel visit blog.cozmotravel.com